Botnets

Travelling to the far side of Andromeda at Botconf 2015

It has been a while since I wrote the last time here and since I presented at Botconf, but I wanted to share my slides here too. A couple of weks after the sad terrorist attacks in Paris, Botconf was held in the city of love. Way more secure than before and with lots of security controls which almost made me lose my return train, but it was worth it. Attending a security conference focused on cybercrime, malware, reverse engineering and intelligence is always a good plan :) I really recommend you attending Botconf this year in Lyon, you will not regret it ;)

My presentation was about Andromeda. This is the abstract:
 

Andromeda, also known as Gamarue by some Antivirus vendors, is a popular and modular bot active since 2011. It is normally used to spread additional malware, but sometimes, depending on the criminals, the main objective could be just stealing user credentials. After almost five years of life its development has not stopped. The people behind it keep maintaining it and adding functionalities, like new anti-analysis routines, changes in the communication encryption, new request formats, etc.
 
This talk will not give just details about the latest changes in the Andromeda binary and control panel, but it will also respond some interesting questions about this botnet. Which are the most popular versions used nowadays? Are most of the botnets spreading malware or just using its plugins? What are the most popular plugins? How and where is Andromeda sold? Who is selling it? What criminal groups are using Andromeda? It is not just a talk about malware reversing but about the whole Andromeda ecosystem.

 

Spammed CVE-2013-2729 PDF exploit dropping ZeuS-P2P/Gameover

I am used to receive SPAM emails containing zips and exes, even "PDF files" with double extension (.pdf.exe), but some days ago I received an email with a PDF file attached, without any .exe extension and it didn't look like a Viagra advertisement. Weird. I didn't have time to take a look at it, but the next day I received another one, with a different subject. The subject of the first email was “Invoice 454889 April” from Sue Mockridge (motherlandjjw949 at gmail.com) attaching “April invoice 819953.pdf” (eae0827f3801faa2a58b57850f8da9f5), and the second one “Image has been sent jesparza” from Evernote Service (message at evernote.com, but really protectoratesl9 at gmail.com) attaching “Agreemnet-81220097.pdf” (2a03ac24042fc35caa92c847638ca7c2).

 

cve-2013-2729_invoice_email

 

cve-2013-2729_evernote_email

 
At this point I was really curious so I took a look at them with peepdf.
 

cve-2013-2729_peepdf_error

 

Yet another Andromeda / Gamarue analysis

Some days ago I read the post about Joe Security's error when they analyzed an Andromeda sample and I also found new samples of this Trojan. Then I decided that I should write something about it. At least, just to remember some tricks of Andromeda for the next time and not starting from scratch. I'm Dory, I forget things ;)

When I analyzed this malware some months ago I thought that it was quite interesting due to the Anti-debugging and Anti-VM tricks it uses. You can also find references to the same malware with the name of Gamarue. It seems it is cool to rename the same malware with different names. Then you can find some families with three different names, like Cridex / Feodo / Bugat. Anyway, I also found these two links with very good and detailed information about analyzing Andromeda:
 

 

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