Each of us has his own preferences: some people love Lady Gaga or Justin Bieber, others Rocco Siffredi or Laura Lion. The love for the latter can be dangerous if you are not aware of security problems when you have a non-updated system, and it's possible you end with an infected system asking for money to recover the control of the machine.
This was an interesting situation so I tried to help my friend. In this case, just after the desktop appeared, a full-screen window showed. It was a warning from the Spanish police ("Cuerpo Nacional de Policía") saying that the system had been blocked because it had been used to perpetrate illegal actions like child pornography, terrorism and violence against children: "Fue detectado un caso de actividad ilegal. El sistema operativo fue bloqueado por violación de las leyes de España!
". A warning like this can be shocking for a normal user, so social engineering was working here. However, this warning was also asking for 100€ to be paid via Ukash
as a fine for this behaviour and in order to restore the system. This part can be a bit strange and maybe makes the victims call the police very quickly. Once this window appeared no other action was possible, like execute the Task Manager or return to the desktop, just enter a code to pay.
After analysing the system thanks to the Safe Mode, and knowing when it was used the last time, I was able to search for new files and clarify the actions performed before the infection. I was able to find the evil executable and, also, some interesting files like some *.idx files containing HTTP requests to a malicious domain, and a JAR file too. The URLs found were the following:
These paths were familiar to me, reminding me of some kind of Exploit Kit, BlackHole, in fact. In this case the JAR file was including a CVE-2011-3544
exploit and the payload was downloading and executing the malware (DLL) served by the second URL.
The malware found (342e3d559d6ea9cbf4057769d4d76994) belongs to the Ransomware family, which block the system or encrypt the system files and ask for certain amount of money or ransom to recover the control of the machine. In this case, cyberdelinquents used social engineering techniques to try to cheat the users and obtain the money. The following are the most important actions performed by the malware:
- Creates a shortcut in \Documents and Settings\$USER\Menú Inicio\Programas\Inicio to execute rundll32.exe with the downloaded DLL, assuring its execution when the system is booting.
- Disable the shortcut keys to execute the Task Manager (Ctrl+Alt+Del).
- Shows the police warning, an Internet Explorer window with the content of this URL in Moldova (online yet):
- Also tries to download another DLL (3c47bae62499cb5a3cb98e4b753a5e69) from the following URL to steal FTP, VPN, IM, WebBrowsers and Poker applications credentials. It sends and receives data to/from 184.108.40.206:443, an IP located in the United States but in the range of an Ukrainian private customer.
This sample was very easy to remove, just entering in Safe Mode and executing some kind of Anti-Malware or Anti-Spyware solution, or, manually, locating the shortcut in \Documents and Settings\$USER\Menú Inicio\Programas\Inicio and the related DLL and removing them. In this case, the filenames were 0.1998781520909214.exe.lnk and 0.1998781520909214.exe, but these names can be different in other cases. You can use a Live-CD to perform the same task and remove them.
It was also possible to bypass the malware block by launching another Internet Explorer window (Ctrl+N) and then clicking File/Open to execute explorer.exe and recover the control of the system.
This incident has occurred in many points of Spain (and other countries too
) and some of the URLs are still alive. It's an ongoing campaign so be careful when watching certain sites ;)